Glaucoma (2006) Glaucoma & Other Diseases

Despite intense research, the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is still not completely understood. There is ample evidence for a pathophysiological role of elevated intraocular pressure; however, several systemic factors may influence onset and progression of the disease.

Systemic peculiarities found in POAG include alterations of the cardiovascular system, autonomic nervous system and immune system, as well as endocrinological, psychological and sleep disturbances. An association between POAG and other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer disease and Parkinson disease, has also been described. Furthermore, the diagnosis of glaucoma can affect the patient's quality of life.

SOURCE: Pache M, Flammer J. A sick eye in a sick body? systemic findings in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Surv Ophthalmol 2006;51(3):179-212.

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