Uveal melanoma is the most common type of eye cancer. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine describes how researchers have identified a specific oncogene (a cell that can mutate and turn a normal cell into a cancer cell) that may be related to the development of this specific cancer. This gene was present in more than 40% of the sample tumor tissue used in the study.
This, and other genetics level research, can help scientists better understand how specific cancers work so that better therapies and treatments can be devised. About 1500 American are diagnosed with cancer of the eye each year.