Lattice Degeneration

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Lattice degeneration occurs when the tissue of the peripheral retina has atrophied, with blood vessels that look like fibers in a lattice pattern. The weakened retina tears or forms holes. The condition occurs in 8-11% of people.

Self Help & Tips


Several things happen as the condition develops:

  • the retina atrophies, forming a lesion, and becomes thinner due to obstructed blood supply
  • larger blood vessels stiffen and become clogged
  • the vitreous gel becomes more liquid over the retina lesion
  • the vitreous contracts away from the retina and at the same time becomes more strongly attached to the retina, tearing it, detaching it, or causing holes and breaks in it
lattice degeneration

Sometimes retinal thinning is so great that holes develop through the retina at the lesion. The vitreous is then able to move through the retina into the space behind the retina contributing to retinal detachment. that a full-thickness hole atrophies through the retina at the lattice lesion. The overlying liquefied vitreous has the ability to pass through the hole into the subretinal space and for 2% of patients, leads to "rhegmatogenous" retinal detachment. In this case the fluid is accumulating between the retina and the pigment layer (RPE).


Patients are usually over 20 and rarely have symptoms, except for possibly noticing flashing lights (photopsia), a sudden onset of eye floaters, or partial loss of peripheral vision. Patients often have myopia (nearsightedness).


The fundamental cause is not known, although it may be an inherited condition. It appears more often in patients who are myopic. There seems to be no racial or sexual risk factor. It may be that insufficient nutrient-carrying blood supply results in fewer or obstructed peripheral retinal capillaries, or that not enough capillaries results in insufficient blood supply. What does happen is that larger capillaries stiffen and fill with accumulations of tissue, which gives lattice degeneration its marked fibrous appearance.

Conventional Treatment

There is no conventional solution. Cryoretinopexy or lasers are sometimes employed.

Self Help

We feel that this type of eye condition is a reflection of the health of the entire body. Therefore, your lifestyle choices and your diet can be critical to maintaining good vision. Certain nutrients such as lutein, zeaxanthin, vinpocetine, l-lysine, a number of vitamins and enzymes, and fish oil may help Lattice Degeneration.

Daily juicing of organic vegetables and fruits. Our recipe to support retinal health is a combination of the following: ginger, garlic, parsley, leeks, beets, cabbage, carrots, spinach, celery, apples, grapes, raspberries, lemon, chlorophyll, wheat grasses - (not too much fruit). See more on juicing.

Lattice Degeneration News

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Lattice Degeneration Quick TipSee Vitamins & Supplements to support the retina and overall eye health.

Related Conditions

  • Lattice degeneration occurs more frequently (40% more) of patients with retinal detachment.
  • Degenerative myopia, which is similar to macular degeneration
  • Marfan's syndrome - this is a life-threatening disorder of connective tissue which can affect body systems, such as the heart. Damage due to Marfan can manifest as retinal detachment, dislocated lenses, nearsightedness, astigmatism, binocular conditions, glaucoma, and cataracts in children. 75% of cases are genetically caused.
  • Stickler syndrome - another genetically-based disorder, is characterized by a somewhat flattened face. Stickler is a joint disorder that affects vision, hearing and joint problems. It is also known as progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - is another condition involving collagen that is too flexible resulting in loose joint dislocations, fragile skin, poor muscle tone. The eye (especially the cornea and sclera, is comprised of mostly connective tissue, and like lattice degeneration, this condition can result in retinal detachment.