Taurine is critical for nerve health and is responsible for clearing away and regenerating old tissue. It is especially important for the health of the eye and of the inner ear.
It is found in high concentration in the retina photoreceptor rods, 10 times greater than any other part of the body derived from the central nervous system,1 where there are two binding proteins specific to taurine. It plays an important role in night vision, is essential to photoreceptor integrity2, 3, 4, acts as an antioxidant to protect cells, helps to move nutrients across cell membrane barriers, helps remove debris and toxins from the system.
Read more about taurine, including food sources of taurine.
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1. Taurine: Biological Update, Wright CE et al, Annual Review of Biochemistry, 1986
2. The role of taurine in osmotic, mechanical, and chemical protection of the retinal rod outer segments, Petrosian AM, Haroutounian JE, Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology 1998
3. Taurine interactions with chick retinal membranes., Lopez-Colome AM et al, Journal of Neurochemistry, May, 1980
4. The Biology of Taurine: Methods and Mechanisms