Retina Support: Photoreceptors

Symptoms   Causes   Structure   Conventional treatment   Tips
Photoreceptors   Connective   Hole / Wrinkle in the macula   Sugar balance   Vitamin A

A number of inherited eye problems in the retina arise from mutations or dystropy of the photoreceptors - the rods and cones of the eyes or the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

  • Cones are the photoreceptor cells which allow us to see fine details and color and comprise our central vision. Different types of cones absorb different wavelengths of light: blue (420nm), green (531nm), and red (588nm). This also gives us a clue as to why color blindness exists - one or more of these types of cones may function poorly.
  • Rods allow us to see in low light conditions and provide peripheral vision.

& Supplements

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Retinal Support RE Package 1 (3 month supply)Retinal Support RE Package 1 (3 month supply)
Antioxidant combo & extra Vitamin A
Advanced Eye & Vision Support (whole food) Formula 60 vcapsAdvanced Eye & Vision Support (whole food) Formula 60 vcaps
Whole food, wild crafted herbal vegetarian formula with vision antioxidants, chemical and preservative free.
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Very Important
Krill Complex (Premium) 1000mg 60 gelsKrill Complex (Premium) 1000mg 60 gels
Top quality Krill Oil with 8mg of astaxanthin per 2 capsules
Very Important
UBQH 100mg 60 softgelsUBQH 100mg 60 softgels
GMO free bioactive form of CoQ10.
Very Important
Visoluten 20 tabsVisoluten 20 tabs
Peptide bioregulator for retinal & optic nerve health.
Very Important
Stem Cell Worx® 3.5 Fluid Oz.Stem Cell Worx® 3.5 Fluid Oz.
Stem cell & tissue repair supporting formula.
Very Important
Microcurrent Stimulation 100ile Purchase OptionMicrocurrent Stimulation 100ile Purchase Option
helps improve circulation & reduce waste build-up
Very Important
Vitamin D3 5000 IU 120 capsVitamin D3 5000 IU 120 caps
Easily absorbable form of Vitamin D.
Very Important
Vitamin A PalmitateVitamin A Palmitate
For night & color vision, cornea & tear production.

The genetic code controls the protein-based molecules of pigment in the photoreceptor cells, called rhodopsin in the rods and iodpisin in the cones. Mutations which are primarily inherited can cause formations of deposits called bone "spicules" on the retina, or cause the photo receptors to deteriorate. 25% to 30% of photoreceptor defects are caused by mutations in the rhodopsin gene.

Some mutations of the photoreceptors begin in childhood, others may develop later in life.


  • poor adaption in adjusting from light to dark or dark to light.
  • poor night vision
  • poor peripheral vision
  • poor color detection
  • errors in color vision in both red-green and blue-yellow ranges


Hundreds of different mutations of rods and cones have been identified, more than 100 of the mutations occurring in the rhodopsin molecule alone. For example:

  • Rhodopsin overexpression
  • Rhodopsin mutations such as RNA splice involving rhodopsin protein filiments or mutation of a single nucleotide in the genetic code, changing the protein
  • Rhodopsin C-terminal mutations, wherein the protein tail mutates
  • Rhodopsin molecule is engulfed by other cells
  • Non retinal cell mutations.
  • Deterioration of cone cells
  • Deterioration of rod cells

Conventional Treatment

Retinal photoreceptor mutations and dystrophy are considered incurable, however gene therapy shows some promise. Visual field testing is used to reveal abnormalities.

Self Help

Since we consider most eye conditions to be a reflection of the health of the whole body, lifestyle choices and diet can play a major factor in getting and maintaining good vision. Even with genetically driven eye conditions, diet and lifestyle considerations may help slow down vision loss. Below are some recommendations:

Related Conditions

Other eye conditions where the rod and cone photoreceptor cells are negatively affected include: Leber's Amaurosis, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Usher Syndrome and Batten's Disease.


There is extensive research on nutrients such as vitamin A, lutein, zeaxanthin and bilberry among others that have been shown to be essential for the health of the rod-cone structures. Based on these studies, Dr. Grossman has selected specific nutrients and products to help support this part of the eye and overall eye health. Some research on macular degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa may be applicable.

Symptoms   Causes   Structure   Conventional treatment   Tips